Power & Energy Solutions

The premier renewable energy publication

As Europe’s energy mix goes through a pivotal time of transition, what can wind energy bring to the table to deliver a clean economy for all Europeans? From 2-4 April, the WindEurope 2019 Conference & Exhibition in Bilbao will gather over 8,000 wind industry delegates to address this question. Long renowned as Europe’s leading on- and offshore event, the WindEurope Conference & Exhibition annually connects hundreds of speakers and exhibitors with thousands of delegates from the worlds of finance, technology, academia, policy, and more. In 2019, the event takes place against a backdrop of immense change and transition across Europe. As you read this, EU Governments are working on their National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) for 2030. In these plans, Member States must outline their climate and energy goals, policies and measures from 2021 to 2030. These NECPs need to be finalised by the end of 2019. They will define the market in which the entire European wind industry works for the next decade. At the same time, you don’t need to be a scientist to observe the unpredictability of our weather patterns in recent years: record-breaking temperatures, high and low, are becoming an alarming norm. Climate change has come

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PES met up with Mads Poulsen, Sales and Chartering Manager, Esbjerg, Denmark, to find out the latest news from BBC Chartering. Esbjerg is a prime location for offshore wind. Components are increasingly bigger, providing a challenge and risk assessment remains a priority. PES: Hi Mads, it’s great to have you back. As always, we are pleased to say we have many new readers, so would you like to begin by explaining a little about the background of BBC Chartering and the importance of the wind industry to you? Mads Poulsen: Being one of the largest project carriers in the market, the wind industry is of course of major importance to us. BBC has been involved in this sector since the beginning in the 1990´s and today wind power transports are amongst our top three cargo commodities. We believe in this sector and its ongoing growth potential. Of course, we´re determined to stay a market leading provider of shipping solutions to this industry. PES: We would like to know more about your wind division’s competences and what you feel it brings to the market? MP: We work closely with our clients and share our experiences and insights proactively. This way we can identify many challenges and

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In recent weeks, the UK offshore wind community welcomed the UK Government’s new Offshore Wind Sector Deal – which will see £250 million being invested into the sector. Emma Harrick, Business Development Manager for Renewables at A&P Group tells PES what it means for her company and the wind industry in general. The Sector Deal will ensure the UK can maintain its position as world leader in renewables and continue to innovate and drive down the costs of wind farm production. The UK’s credentials are impressive, having installed more offshore wind capacity than any other country. The cost of producing a wind farm has halved in the UK. Renewed support from the UK Government could: • double the number of UK turbines in UK waters. • Take offshore wind to 30 GW by 2030. • Meet a third of UK’s electricity demands by 2030. • Grow the workforce from 11,000 to 27,000. • Increase UK exports to £20 bn. However, there is still work to be done. Businesses operating in the UK offshore wind supply chain need to continue to provide innovative solutions to support the sector if it is to continue to flourish. A&P Group vision Our vision is simple: to make A&P Tyne

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Damen Shipyards Group has recently announced a new design. The Fast Crew Supplier (FCS) 3410 service accommodation and transfer vessel (SATV) contains numerous design features that ensure its suitability for operations in the developing offshore wind market in North America.  The design of the new vessel builds on the success of proven Damen designs that have earned themselves an outstanding reputation in the European renewables market. The premise of the design is the Damen Twin Axe bow design. The Axe Bow, a patented design that allows the vessel to cut through waves instead of slamming, significantly improves seakeeping and onboard comfort. Damen’s FCS 2610 optimised this seakeeping behaviour by combining the Axe Bow with a catamaran hull form. The FCS 2610 was heralded as a game changer in the offshore renewables industry in Europe and went on to sell over 45 vessels. Damen has recently developed this theme further with the FCS 2710 – a new FCS vessel one metre longer than its predecessor and, significantly, with an additional metre in water clearance, enabling the vessel safely extended operational windows.  The FCS 3410 further develops this evolutionary theme, tailoring the concept to meet the requirements of the emerging US offshore renewables market, as

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The offshore wind market in the U.S. is about to take off and there are enormous growth projections. For the installation of the first wave of U.S. wind parks starting in 2020, European built and operated installation jack-ups will be needed, because currently no U.S. built jack-ups have the capacity to install the turbines. Nor will this type of equipment be built in time in the U.S. PES takes a closer look at the options. There are plans to build installation jack-ups in the U.S., but it is likely that these will only kick-off after the first wind farms prove to be a success. Aside from this, the infrastructure of the U.S. ports is not suitable for these big vessels, there are bridges and hurricane breakers preventing the jack-up installation vessels to enter or leave the harbors. New hubs and ports will have to be developed before U.S. flagged installation jack-ups will become a practical tool for the installation of the parks. The problem with using European installation jack-ups, apart from the a fore mentioned infrastructural problems, is the Jones Act. The Jones Act requires vessels transporting merchandise from U.S. point to U.S. point to be U.S. manned, built, flagged and owned.

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Van Oord is a leading global contractor in dredging, offshore oil and gas and offshore wind, and is celebrating its 150th anniversary this year. The company has a long and varied history in marine engineering, an industry that has its origins in the Netherlands. Over the past 150 years Van Oord, a family-owned business, has grown into one of the largest marine engineering companies in the world. The origins of Dutch marine engineering lie in the Netherlands’ unique location on the North Sea and its centuries-long battle against the water. Van Oord’s work is rooted in that battle. The history of the company is intertwined with the country’s biggest marine engineering projects, including the Nieuwe Waterweg Canal, the Delta Works, and the Port of Rotterdam’s Maasvlakte II expansion. These were projects that fuelled economic growth and kept the Dutch population safe from flooding. Since the late nineteenth century, the company has also applied its expertise abroad. Van Oord extended the port of Surabaya, constructed the Palm Islands in Dubai, dredged the Suez Canal, and installed the Gemini offshore wind park. They have gained a great deal of knowledge and experience over the years, and the company has grown to become one

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Our renewable electricity energy needs are growing in a world that is constantly evolving. The market requires more renewable energy for less money. The reduction of government subsidies means that the industry needs to start looking for ways to increase its efficiency. More energy for less money There are different possibilities for lowering the levelized cost of energy, such as avoiding unexpected downtimes (reducing the operational costs), extending the lifetime of the infrastructure, and increasing the power output. By integrating digital technology into the intelligent gearboxes developed by ZF Wind Power, customers will be able to improve all three aspects. Avoiding unexpected gearbox downtime The cost of an unexpected gearbox failure can be significant, especially when cranes or vessels are needed at short notice. Additionally, when certain spare parts are not available at the right time, it can cause significant turbine downtime. Thanks to digital technology, every gearbox will leave ZF Wind Power’s factory with its own unique digital birth certificate. The certificate contains all the gearbox manufacturing information and can be accessed online by ZF’s and partnered service organizations. This way, ZF’s service team can calculate the consumed lifetime of each bearing and gear pair within a gearbox, combining the actual measured loads with knowledge about

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This briefing is intended as an update on three key policy and case law developments that have taken place over the summer. 1 New European Court ruling – ‘Sweetman II’ On 25 July 2018, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the Court) delivered its ruling in the case of Edel Grace and Peter Sweetman v An Bord Pleanala, or ‘Sweetman II’ (also known by some in the industry as ‘People over Wind II’.) The judgment developed the position taken in People Over Wind and Peter Sweetman v Coillte Teoranta (‘Sweetman I’), delivered in April this year. The Court again focused on the interpretation of Article 6 of the Habitats Directive, which concerns the need for an appropriate assessment where a project is likely to have a significant effect on a site (onshore or offshore) designated as a special protection area or a special area of conservation (SPAs and SACs) The key question for the Court was at what point in the assessment under this Directive should mitigation measures be taken into account. Current practice relating to appropriate assessment is based on a four-stage approach. Briefly, these stages are: (i) Screening to establish whether a likely significant effect may exist on the integrity of a designated

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PES caught up with Carsten Kofoed, Managing Director & Hans Christian Hansen, Director of Operations at Vento Maritime, to find out more about this young company, with years of experience behind it. By following the weather and planning ahead it’s possible to make substantial savings in time and fuel and thus decrease costs. Offshore operators need to have an eye on the weather forecasts. PES: Welcome to you both to PES Wind magazine. Thanks for talking with us. Would you like to begin by explaining a little about the background and experience of Vento Maritime and the importance of the wind industry to you? Carsten Kofoed & Hans Christian Hansen: Vento Maritime is a Danish weather service company, which we founded in Copenhagen in January 2017. Together we have more than 20 years of experience in the maritime business, within meteorology, oceanography and operational MetOcean services. We are dedicated to helping maritime customers save time while, improving safety at sea. We are only into maritime weather. Our marine forecasters are dedicated meteorologists and are all WMO-certified, with years of experience in understanding the needs of maritime customers. The team is passionate about excellent customer service and the art of communicating meteorological and oceanographic

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On a European level, two significant breakthroughs were achieved in energy policy during the summer: the European target for the share of renewable energies in the electricity supply will be increased to 32 percent by 2030. In addition, EU-member states are obliged to submit detailed plans by the end of 2019 regarding the deployment of renewables to contribute to achieve the EU-wide target of 32 percent. This includes a five years’ visibility on future auction timetable and volumes. Member states cannot change their energy policies on a year-to-year basis, hence more reliability can be achieved for the companies and capital cost can be reduced, due to less regulatory risk. After the general election in Germany, it took quite a while to form a new government. An ambitious attempt to form a ‘Jamaica’-Coalition (Conservative-Black, Liberal-Yellow and Green) failed, so that a new version of the old government was formed by the Conservatives and the Social Democrats. Many hopes for an ambitious renewable, yet market-oriented energy policy were buried. In spite of the bleak expectations of most observers, the coalition agreement included some very ambitious cornerstones, such as a 65 percent target for renewable energies in the electricity sector, 4 GW extra volume for

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